Bonus. Intelligent Speech Conference: The political double cross that saved American democracy

[Abridged] Presidential Histories

Bonus episode! Even the seemingly powerless have the power to change history.

When the infamously corrupt Chester Arthur became president after the assassination of his predecessor, most Americans feared Democracy was about to go on the auction block. But, in an era when women couldn’t even vote, one woman, Julia Sand, put pen to paper and changed history. Her letters imploring Arthur to abandon his corrupt political allies and listen to his long-abandoned better nature moved something in Arthur and Democracy itself may well have been saved.

This is a recording of my 2022 Intelligent Speech Conference presentation. If you enjoy it, you might just enjoy the upcoming 2023 Intelligent Speech Conference on November 4. Learn more and buy tickets with the code “Abridged” at

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